The Hortus was founded as a medicinal garden by the mayor of Amsterdam to save the town from a new plague epidemic. In 1986 local citizens saved the garden from closure due to defunding. The Hortus, an independent foundation, celebrated its 375th anniversary in 2013
The plant collection of the Hortus is impressive. Over 6,000 plants form a wonderful reflection of the history of the Hortus and Amsterdam, but also of the Netherlands. The collection contains the highlights from the collections of King William II, treasures found by the Dutch East India Company, and historic symbols like the coffee plant, which, according to tradition, is the mother plant of all the coffee plantations in South America.
Source: Hortus Botanicus